Gestational diabetes (sometimes referred to as GDM) is diagnosed when higher than normal blood glucose levels first appear during pregnancy. From 3 to 8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy, however, some may be earlier.
While maternal blood glucose levels usually return to normal after the birth of the baby, there is a known increased risk for type 2 diabetes in the mother in the future. Your child may also be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
You are at risk of developing gestational diabetes if you:
- Are over 30 years of age
Have a family history of type 2 diabetes
- Are overweight
- Are from an indigenous Australian or Torres strait islander background
- Are from a Vietnamese, Chinese, middle eastern, Polynesian or Melanesian background
- Have had gestational diabetes during previous pregnancies.
The following information is of a general nature only and should not be substituted for medical advice or used to alter medical therapy. It does not replace consultations with qualified healthcare professionals to meet your individual medical needs.
Just been Diagnosed?
Managing Gestational Diabetes
National Gestational Diabetes Register
The National Gestational Diabetes Register was established within the National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) to help women who have had gestational diabetes to manage their health into the future. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
If you register on the National Gestational Diabetes Register, you and your doctor will be sent regular reminders to have diabetes checks. You will also receive information for you and your family to help you continue a healthy lifestyle.
Registration is free. Women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, reside in Australia and hold, or are eligible to hold, an Australian Medicare Card are entitled to register.
Understanding Gestational Diabetes
Understanding Gestational Diabetes is a DVD that explains to women and their families how to manage gestational diabetes and what to do once the baby is born. In this documentary-style film, women who have had this condition during pregnancy talk positively about their experiences. It is intended that this DVD will give viewers a better understanding of gestational diabetes. This DVD is a multilingual resource and comes with the option of selecting from six different languages - English, Vietnamese, Arabic, Mandarin, Cantonese and Turkish - all on the one DVD. This resource is currently out of stock.
Gestational Diabetes - Caring for yourself and your baby
The NDSS has developed a booklet for women with gestational diabetes which provides comprehensive information about gestational diabetes, its management and where to get assistance.
This booklet is also available to download in five other languages – Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese and traditional and simplified Chinese.
to download the booklet
Understanding Gestational Diabetes – Information for the Turkish Speaking Community is an A5 booklet that explains gestational diabetes, how to manage gestational diabetes and what to do once the baby is born. This booklet is a bilingual resource in English and Turkish. There is also an 'Understanding Gestational Diabetes' DVD, which includes a Turkish language option.
Click here to download the booklet. To order hard copies, click here.
This DVD explains the importance of planning a pregnancy for women with diabetes. The DVD offers two menu options: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. For each menu option, there are stories from women with diabetes who are planning a pregnancy, are pregnant or who have already had healthy babies, as well as comments from health professionals.
Download: Having a healthy Baby DVD order form
For more information visit the Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society.